|dc.description.abstract||Total synthesis of natural products is of contemporary interest in organic synthesis. One of the useful ways to synthesize the natural products is to originate from inexpensive chiral pool compounds abundantly available in nature. In this context, our research group is actively involved in the use of tartaric acid as the four carbon four hydroxy building block in the synthesis of a number of natural products of therapeutic importance. Our strategy relies on the utility of γ-hydroxy amides derived from tartaric acid involving a controlled addition of Grignard reagents and stereoselective reduction. We were successful in application o f this useful building block for the synthesis of a variety of natural products possessing varied functional groups (Chart-1).
derived from tartaric acid in the synthesis of oxylipins such as pinellic acid and diyne containing natural products. Chapter 1 of the thesis describes the total synthesis of (+)
pinellic acid 6 and (Z,8S,9S,10R)-8,9,10-trihydroxyoctadec-6-enoic acid 10. Key strategy in the synthesis of pinellic acid is elaboration of the aldehyde 3, derived from the γ-hydroxy amide 2 via Horner-Emmons-Wadsworth reaction to yield the α,β-unsaturated ketone 4. Stereoselective reduction of the ketone with (R)-BINAL-H produced the alcohol with requisite stereochemistry which was further extended to pinellic acid 6 (Scheme 1).
Wittig homologation of the aldehyde 8 derived from γ-hydroxy amide 7 is the key step for the synthesis of the (Z,8S,9S,10R)-8,9,10-trihydroxyoctadec-6-enoic acid 10.
Second chapter of the thesis deals with total synthesis of diyne containing natural products. In the first part of this chapter enantioselective synthesis of possible diastereomers of heptadeca1-ene-4,6-diyne-3,8,9,10-tetrol, a structure proposed for the natural product isolated from Hydrocotyle leucocephala, is accomplished. The alkyne precursors 13 and 14 were synthesized from the α-hydroxy ester 12 derived from γ-hydroxy amide 11 while the alkyne 17 is synthesized from the masked tetrol 16 derived from lactol 15 which was obtained from D-ribose.
yne to assemble the diyne unit which was further elaborated to heptadeca-1-ene-4,6-diyne3,8,9,10-tetrol (Scheme 3). It was found that the NMR spectral data of the putative structure assigned for the natural product did not match with any of the diasteromers that were synthesized. This establishes that the structure proposed for the natural product is wrong and requires revision.
OH OH OH
18 OH OH 19 OH OH 20 OH OH
Scheme 3: Synthesis of diastereomers of heptadeca-1-ene-4,6-diyne-3,8,9,10-tetrol.
[Part of this work is published: Prasad, K. R.; Swain, B. J. Org. Chem. (in press)]
Second part of this chapter deals with the synthesis of panaxytriol 26 and panaxydiol 28. Key reaction in the synthesis of panaxytriol and panaxdiol is the coupling of bromoalkynes 25 and 27 with 3-silyloxy pent-1-en-4-yne and further elaboration to the triol and diol. The required alkynes were synthesized from the primary alcohol 24 which was obtained from the γ-hydroxy amide 11 involving a series of simple synthetic operations. (Scheme 4).
(For structural formula pl see the abstract file)||en_US