Synthesis, Characterization, Properties And Growth Of Inorganic Nanomaterials
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The thesis consists of eight chapters of which the first chapter presents a brief overview of inorganic nanostructures. Synthesis and magnetic properties of MnO and NiO nanocrystals are described in Chapter 2, with emphasis on the low-temperature ferromagnetic interactions in these antiferromagnetic oxides. Chapter 3 deals with the synthesis and characterizations of nanocrystals of ReO3, RuO2 and IrO2 which are oxides with metallic properties. Pressure-induced phase transitions of ReO3 nanocrystals and the use of the nanocrystals for carrying out surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of the molecules form Chapter 4. Use of ionic liquids to synthesize different nanostructures of semiconducting metal sulfides and selenides is described in Chapter 5. Synthesis of Mn-doped GaN nanocrystals and their magnetic properties are described in Chapter 6. A detailed investigation has been carried out on the growth kinetics of nanostructures of a few inorganic materials by using small-angle X-ray scattering and other techniques (Chapter 7). The study includes the growth kinetics of nanocrystals of Au, CdS and CdSe as well as of nanorods of ZnO. Results of a synchrotron X-ray study of the formation of nanocrystalline gold films at the organic-aqueous interface are also included in this chapter. Chapter 8 discuses the use of the organic-aqueous interface to generate Janus nanocrystalline films of inorganic materials where one side of the film is hydrophobic and other side is hydrophilic. This chapter also includes the formation of nanostructured peptide fibrils at the organic-aqueous interface and their use as templates to prepare inorganic nanotubes.