Homogenization of Optimal Control Problems in a Domain with Oscillating Boundary
Abstract
Mathematical theory of homogenization of partial differential equations is relatively a new area of research (3040 years or so) though the physical and engineering applications were well known. It has tremendous applications in various branches of engineering and science like : material science ,porous media, study of vibrations of thin structures, composite materials to name a few. There are at present various methods to study homogenization problems (basically asymptotic analysis) and there is a vast amount of literature in various directions. Homogenization arise in problems with oscillatory coefficients, domain with large number of perforations, domain with rough boundary and so on. The latter one has applications in fluid flow which is categorized as oscillating boundaries.
In fact ,in this thesis, we consider domains with oscillating boundaries. We plan to study to homogenization of certain optimal control problems with oscillating boundaries. This thesis contains 6 chapters including an introductory Chapter 1 and future proposal Chapter 6. Our main contribution contained in chapters 25. The oscillatory domain under consideration is a 3dimensional cuboid (for simplicity) with a large number of pillars of length O(1) attached on one side, but with a small cross sectional area of order ε2 .As ε0, this gives a geometrical domain with oscillating boundary. We also consider 2dimensional oscillatory domain which is a cross section of the above 3dimensional domain.
In chapters 2 and 3, we consider the optimal control problem described by the Δ operator with two types of cost functionals, namely L2cost functional and Dirichlet cost functional. We consider both distributed and boundary controls. The limit analysis was carried by considering the associated optimality system in which the adjoint states are introduced. But the main contribution in all the different cases(L2 and Dirichlet cost functionals, distributed and boundary controls) is the derivation of error estimates what is known as correctors in homogenization literature. Though there is a basic test function, one need to introduce different test functions to obtain correctors. Introducing correctors in homogenization is an important aspect of study which is indeed useful in the analysis, but important in numerical study as well.
The setup is the same in Chapter 4 as well. But here we consider Stokes’ Problem and study asymptotic analysis as well as corrector results. We obtain corrector results for velocity and pressure terms and also for its adjoint velocity and adjoint pressure. In Chapter 5, we consider a time dependent KirchhoﬀLove equation with the same domain with oscillating boundaries with a distributed control. The state equation is a fourth order hyperbolic type equation with associated L2cost functional. We do not have corrector results in this chapter, but the limit cost functional is different and new. In the earlier chapters the limit cost functional were of the same type.
Collections
 Mathematics (MA) [150]
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