Study Of Relaxor Ferroelectric PMN-PT Thin Films For Energy Harvesting Applications
The present research work mainly focuses on the fabrication of 0.85PMN-0.15PT thin film relaxor ferroelectrics for energy harvesting applications. Chapter 1 gives a brief review about why energy harvesting is required and the different ways it can be scavenged. An introduction to relaxor ferroelectrics and their characteristics structural features are discussed. A brief introduction is given about charge storage, electrocaloric effect , DC-EFM and integration over Si substrate is discussed. Finally, the specific objectives of the current research are outlined. Chapter 2 deals with the various experimental studies carried out in this research work. It gives the details of the experimental set up and the basic operation principles of various structural and physical characterizations of the materials prepared. A brief explanation of material fabrication, Microstructural and physical property measurements is discussed. Chapter3 involves the optimization process carried out to contain a phase pure PMN-PT structure without any pyrochlore phase. The optimization process is an important step in the fabrication of a thin film as the quality of any device is determined by their structural and Microstructural features. XRD, SEM, AFM were used to characterize the observed phase formation in these films. The optimizing domain images of polycrystalline 0.85PMN-0.15PT thin films on La0.5Sr0.5CoO3/ (111) Pt/TiO2/SiO2/Si substrates deposited at different oxygen partial pressures are presented. The oxygen pressure has a drastic influence on the film growth and grain morphology which are revealed through XRD and SEM characterization techniques. The presence of oxygen vacancies have found to influence the distribution of polar nanoregions and their dynamics which are visualized using domain images acquired by DC-EFM In Chapter 7 the piezoelectric response of 0.85PMN-0.15PT thin films are studied due to the electric field induced bias. From this the d33 value is calculated. d33 value is an important parameter which determines whether a material is suitable for device application (PZT). But, for a device fabrication it is important to integrate them with Si wafer which is not a straightforward work .Hence, buffer layers are used to obtain a pure perovskite PMN-PT film. We have deposited 0.85PMN-0.15PT thin films of 500 nm on a SOI wafer and tried to investigate their piezoelectric application. Chapter 8 summarizes the present study and discusses about the future work that could give more insight into the understanding of the0.85PMN-0.15 PT relaxor ferroelectric thin film.