Investigations Of Graphene, Noble Metal Nanoparticles And Related Nanomaterials
The thesis consists of four parts of which part 1 presents a brief overview of nanomaterials. Parts 2, 3 and 4 contain results of investigations of graphene, nanofilms of noble metal nanoparticles and ZnO nanostructures respectively. Investigations of graphene are described in Part 2 which consists of six chapters. In Chapter 2.1, changes in the electronic structure and properties of graphene induced by molecular charge-transfer have been discussed. Chapter 2.2 deals with the results of a study of the interaction of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles with graphene. Electrical and dielectric properties of graphene-polymer composites are presented in Chapter 2.3. Chapter 2.4 presents photo-thermal effects observed in laser-induced chemical transformations in graphene and other nanocarbons system. Chapter 2.5 describes the mechanical properties of polymer matrix composites reinforced by fewlayer graphene investigated by nano-indentation. The extraordinary synergy found in the mechanical properties of polymer matrix composites reinforced with two nanocarbons of different dimensionalities constitute the subject matter of Chapter 2.6. Investigations of noble metal nanoparticles have been described in Part 3. In Chapter 3.1, ferromagnetism exhibited by nanoparticles of noble metals is discussed in detail while Chapter 3.2 deals with surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) of molecules adsorbed on nanocrystalline Au and Ag films formed at the organic–aqueous interface. Factors affecting laser-excited photoluminescence from ZnO nanostructures are examined in great detail in Part 4.