Interference Cancelling Detectors In OFDMA/MIMO/Cooperative Communications
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In this thesis, we focus on interference cancelling (IC) detectors for advanced communication systems. The contents of this thesis is divided into the following four parts: 1. Multiuser interference (MUI) cancellation in uplink orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA). 2. Inter-carrier interference (ICI) and inter-symbol interference (ISI) cancellation in space-frequency block coded OFDM (SFBC-OFDM). 3. Single-symbol decodability (SSD) of distributed space-time block codes (DSTBC) in partially-coherent cooperative networks with amplify-and-forward protocol at the relays 4. Interference cancellation in cooperative SFBC-OFDM networks with amplify-and-forward (AF) and decode-and-forward (DF) protocols at the relays. In uplink OFDMA systems, MUI occurs due to different carrier frequency offsets of different users at the receiver. In the first part of the thesis, we present a weighted multistage linear parallel interference cancellation approach to mitigate the effect of this MUI in uplink OFDMA. We also present a minimum mean square error (MMSE) based approach to MUI cancellation in uplink OFDMA. We present a recursion to approach the MMSE solution and show structure-wise and performance-wise comparison with other detectors in the literature. Use of SFBC-OFDM signals is advantageous in high-mobility broadband wireless access, where the channel is highly time- as well as frequency-selective because of which the receiver experiences both ISI as well as ICI. In the second part of the thesis, we are concerned with the detection of SFBC-OFDM signals on time- and frequency-selective MIMO channels. Specifically, we propose and evaluate the performance of an interference cancelling receiver for SFBC-OFDM, which alleviates the effects of ISI and ICI in highly time- and frequency-selective channels The benefits of MIMO techniques can be made possible to user nodes having a single transmit antenna through cooperation among different nodes. In the third part of the thesis, we derive a new set of conditions for a distributed DSTBC to be SSD for a partially-coherent relay channel (PCRC), where the relays have only the phase information of the source-to-relay channels. We also establish several properties of SSD codes for PCRC. In the last part of the thesis, we consider cooperative SFBC-OFDM networks with AF and DF protocols at the relays. In cooperative SFBC-OFDM networks that employ DF protocol, i) ISI occurs at the destination due to violation of the `quasi-static' assumption because of the frequency selectivity of the relay-to-destination channels, and ii) ICI occurs due to imperfect carrier synchronization between the relay nodes and the destination, both of which result in error-floors in the bit error performance at the destination. We propose an interference cancellation algorithm for this system at the destination node, and show that the proposed algorithm effectively mitigates the ISI and ICI effects.