Vapour Pressure Studies Of Precursors And Atomic Layer Deposition Of Titanium Oxides
This thesis describes the deposition of thin films of titanium oxide and Magnéli phases of titanium oxide by atomic layer deposition (ALD) using a novel β-ketoesterate precursor. Titanium oxide is a promising candidate for the high-k dielectric gate oxide layer for CMOS devices in microelectronic circuits. The Magnéli phases of titanium oxide are difficult to grow and stabilize, especially in the thin film form, and have useful properties. The thin film deposition of oxides by CVD/ALD requires suitable precursors, which are often metalorganic complexes. The estimation of vapour pressure using thermogravimetry is described, and employed, using an approach based on the Langmuir equation. This data is important for the evaluation of the suitability of these complexes as CVD precursors. The first chapter gives a brief introduction to the topics that will be discussed in this thesis. Part one of the thesis deals with the synthesis, characterization, and studies of the vapour pressure and partial pressures of the precursors for CVD. This part comprises of the second, third and fourth chapter. The second chapter deals with the synthesis and characterization of the various metalorganic complexes that have been synthesized and characterized to evaluate their suitability as precursors for CVD. The third chapter describes the derivation of vapour pressure of precursors for CVD and ALD, from rising temperature thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) data, using the Langmuir equation. The fourth chapter deals with the determination of partial pressure of CVD precursors using data from low-pressure thermogravimetry. Part Two of the thesis reports the deposition of titanium oxide thin films by ALD, and the detailed investigation of their properties, for application as high-k dielectric materials. Chapters five, six and seven constitute this part. The fifth chapter deals with the deposition of titanium oxide thin films by ALD. Chapter six describes the electrical characterization of the thin films of titanium oxide, for applications as high-k dielectric gate oxide layers for CMOS circuits. In the seventh chapter, the deposition of Magnéli phases of titanium by ALD is described. The dielectric properties of the films are studied.
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Kavitha, R (2011-08-29)
Varade, Ashish (2011-01-17)Metalorganic Chemical Vapour Deposition (MOCVD) is a versatile technique for the deposition of thin films of oxide materials as it offers advantages, such as deposition over large surface area, conformal coverage, selective ...
Studies On CVD And ALD Of Thin Films Of Substituted And Composite Metal Oxides, Including Potential High-k Dielectrics Gairola, Anshita (2013-07-10)The work carried out as a part of this thesis has been focussed on understanding different aspects of the chemical vapor deposition process namely, ALD / MOCVD. A large part of the thesis is aimed at solving the problem ...