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dc.contributor.advisorJagirdar, Balaji R
dc.contributor.authorMala, Deep
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-22T06:01:50Z
dc.date.available2018-11-22T06:01:50Z
dc.date.submitted2016
dc.identifier.urihttp://etd.iisc.ac.in/handle/2005/4162
dc.description.abstractIntroduction N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHC) are strong  donors and weak acceptors. Also, NHC forms strong metal-carbon bonds in metal complexes and hence complexes bearing NHC ligands are in general, thermally stable. Chemistry of NHCs and their transition metal complexes has been explored extensively in catalysis. Metal hydride or dihydrogen complexes are reactive intermediates and also employed as catalysts in several catalytic reactions such as hydrogenation, transfer hydrogenation, and hydroformylation. The binding of H2 to a metal center and its cleavage for the oxidative addition to a metal center are key steps in these catalytic reactions. There has been a substantial development in the field of dihydrogen chemistry. In particular, elongated dihydrogen complexes are of significant interest due to their relevance in hydrogenation reactions. A large number of elongated dihydrogen complexes have been reported. However, there has been no systematic study for the elongation of the H–H bond in dihydrogen complexes employing NHC’s as a co-ligand. Objectives The objectives of this work are as follows: i. Synthesis and characterization of ruthenium dihydrogen complexes bearing an NHC ligand. ii. Systematic variation in the ligand environment around a metal center for the elongation of the H‒H bond in the process of oxidative addition of H2 to a metal center. iii. To synthesize new ruthenium hydride and dihydride complexes and explore their activities in catalysis such as hydrogenation, hydrodehalogenation, and CO2 activation. Significant results A series of dihydrogen complexes bearing NHC ligands of the type [RuCl(η2–H2)(CO)(IMes)(PPh3)(L)](OTf) [L = pyridine (Py), 4-methylpyridine (4MePy), acetonitrile (MeCN), pivalonitrile (Me3CCN)] have been prepared by the protonation of hydride complexes [RuHCl(CO)(IMes)(PPh3)(L)] (L = Py, 4MePy, MeCN, Me3CCN) with HOTf. The ligands (Py, 4MePy, MeCN, Me3CCN) trans to the hydride were found to be labile in all the hydride complexes. The H–H bond distances in the η2–H2 ligands of dihydrogen complexes were found to be temperature dependent. The H–H bond distances got slightly elongated (0.98-0.93 Å) with an increase in the temperature (183-233 K). Phosphine analogues, [RuCl(η2–H2)(CO)(PPh3)2(L)](OTf) [L = Py, 4MePy) of NHC dihydrogen complexes were also synthesized. The H‒H bond distances were temperature invariant (0.93 Å, 223-263 K) in these complexes. A series of homobimetallic ruthenium hydride [{RuHCl(CO)(IMes)(PPh3)}2(NN)] (NN= 4,4′-bpy, 4,4′-dpyen, 4,4′-dpyan) [4,4′-bipyridine (4,4′-bpy); 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene (4,4′-dpyen); 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane) (4,4′-dpyan)] complexes bearing an NHC ligand and their corresponding dihydrogen complexes of the type [{RuCl(η2–H2)(IMes)(PPh3)(CO)}2(NN)][OTf]2 (NN= 4,4′-bpy, 4,4′-dpyen, 4,4′-dpyan) have been synthesized and characterized. They are the first examples of homobimetallic dihydrogen complexes bearing NHC ligands. In addition, hydrogenation of internal and terminal alkenes was carried out using these homobimetallic hydride complexes. NHC/PMe3 based cationic complexes of the type [RuH(CO)(IMes)(PMe3)3](X) (X = Cl, BPh4) have been synthesized and characterized using NMR spectroscopy. Partial hydrodechlorination of CHCl3 to CH2Cl2 was observed in the presence of both the complexes. In addition, these complexes were also found to be efficient for the activation of the C‒Cl bond in CH2Cl2 to form [CH2Cl.PMe3]Cl salt in the presence of excess PMe3. Notably, HD exchange in H2 molecules via CDCl3 was observed in the presence of both the complexes. A new and efficient route has been developed for the synthesis of the ruthenium dihydride complexes [Ru(H)2(CO)(L)(PPh3)2] (L = IMes, IPr, PPh3). The reaction pathway for the synthesis of these derivatives was established by isolation of few intermediates. Insertion of CO2 into one of the Ru‒H bond of [Ru(H)2(CO)(L)(PPh3)2] (L = IMes, IPr) complexes took place to afford bidentate formate complexes [RuH(η2-O2CH)(CO)(L)(PPh3)2] (L = IMes, IPr). Structure formulation of these complexes was done using NMR spectroscopy.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesG28644;
dc.rightsI grant Indian Institute of Science the right to archive and to make available my thesis or dissertation in whole or in part in all forms of media, now hereafter known. I retain all proprietary rights, such as patent rights. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis or dissertationen_US
dc.subjectN-heterocyclic Carbeneen_US
dc.subjectDihydrogen Ligandsen_US
dc.subjectTransition Metal-NHC Complexesen_US
dc.subjectHomolytic Cleavageen_US
dc.subjectHydrogenationen_US
dc.subjectDihydrogen Complexesen_US
dc.subjectNHC Liganden_US
dc.subjectRu(II) Complexesen_US
dc.subjectCO2 Activationen_US
dc.subjectHydrohalogenationen_US
dc.subject.classificationInorganic and Physical Chemistryen_US
dc.titleChemistry of Ru(II) Complexes Bearing N-heterocyclic Carbene, Hydride, and Dihydrogen Ligands : Synthesis, Mechanistic Insights, and Applicationsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.degree.namePhDen_US
dc.degree.levelDoctoralen_US
dc.degree.grantorIndian Institute of Scienceen_US
dc.degree.disciplineFaculty of Scienceen_US


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