A Study of Two Problems in Nonlinear Dynamics Using the Method of Multiple Scales
Reddy, Basireddy Sandeep
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This thesis deals with the study of two problems in the area of nonlinear dynamics using the method of multiple scales. Accordingly, it consists of two parts. In the ﬁrst part of the thesis, we explore the asymptotic stability of a planar two-degree- of-freedom robot with two rotary (R) joints following a desired trajectory under feedback control. Although such robots have been extensively studied and there exists stability and other results for position control, there are no analytical results for asymptotic stability when the end of the robot or its joints are made to follow a time dependent trajectory. The nonlinear dynamics of a 2R planar robot, under a proportional plus derivative (PD) and a model based computed torque control, is studied. The method of multiple scales is applied to the two nonlinear second-order ordinary deferential equations which describes the dynamics of the feedback controlled 2R robot. Amplitude modulation equations, as a set of four ﬁrst order equations, are derived. At a ﬁxed point, the Routh-Hurwitz criterion is used to obtain positive values of proportional and derivative gains at which the controller is asymptotically stable or indeterminate. For the model based control, a parameter representing model mismatch is incorporated and again controller gains are obtained, for a chosen mismatch parameter value, where the controller results in asymptotic stability or is indeterminate. From numerical simulations with gain values in the indeterminate region, it is shown that for some values and ranges of the gains, the non- linear dynamical equations are chaotic and hence the 2R robot cannot follow the desired trajectory and be asymptotically stable. The second part of the thesis deals with the study of the nonlinear dynamics of a rotating ﬂexible link, modeled as a one dimensional beam, undergoing large deformation and with geometric nonlinearities. The partial deferential equation of motion is discretized using a ﬁnite element approach to yield four nonlinear, non-autonomous and coupled ordinary deferential equations. The equations are non-dimensional zed using two characteristic velocities – the speed of sound in the material and a speed associated with the trans- verse bending vibration of the beam. The method of multiple scales is used to perform a detailed study of the system. A set of four autonomous equations of the ﬁrst-order are derived considering primary resonance of the external excitation with one of the natural frequencies of the model and one-to-one internal resonance between two diﬀerent natural frequencies of the model. Numerical simulations show that for certain ranges of values of these characteristic velocities, the slow ﬂow equations can exhibit chaotic motions. The numerical simulations and the results are related to a rotating wind turbine blade and the approach can be used for the study of the nonlinear dynamics of a single link ﬂexible manipulator. The second part of the thesis also deals with the synchronization of chaos in the equations of motion of the ﬂexible beam. A nonlinear control scheme via active nonlinear control and Lyapunov stability theory is proposed to synchronize the chaotic system. The proposed controller ensures that the error between the controlled and the original system asymptotically go to zero. A numerical example using parameters of a rotating power generating wind turbine blade is used to illustrate the theoretical approach.