Ireland-Claisen Rearrangement Based Strategy To Sesquiterpenes Containing Vicinal Quaternary Carbon Atoms
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Among Nature's creation, terpenoids are more versatile and exciting natural products. In a remarkable display of synthetic ingenuity and creativity, nature has endowed terpenes with a bewildering array of carbocyclic frameworks with unusual assemblage of rings and functionalities. This phenomenal structural diversity of terpenes makes them ideal targets for developing and testing new synthetic strategies for efficient articulation of carbocyclic frameworks. The thesis entitled “Ireland-Claisen Rearrangement Based Strategy to Sesquiterpenes Containing Vicinal Quaternary Carbon Atoms” demonstrates the utility of the Ireland ester Claisen rearrangement and RCM reactions for the synthesis of a variety of sesquiterpenes containing vicinal quaternary carbon atoms. The results are described in five different sections, viz., (a) Synthesis of herbertene-1,13-diol and α-herbertenol; (b) Total syntheses of herbertenolide, herberteneacetal, herbertene-1,14-diol and herbertene-1,15-diol; (c) First total synthesis of the spirobenzofuran isolated from Acremonium sp. HKI 0230; (d) Total synthesis of lagopodin A; and (e) Synthesis of Laurencenone C, α- and β-chamigrenes. Complete details of the experimental procedures and the spectroscopic data were provided in a different section. A brief introduction is provided wherever appropriate to keep the present work in proper perspective. The compounds are sequentially numbered (bold), references are marked sequentially as superscripts and listed in the last section of the thesis. All the spectra included in the thesis were obtained by xeroxing the original NMR spectra. To begin with a short and efficient synthesis of herbertene-1,13-diol and α-herbertenol has been achieved starting from 2-allyl-4-methylanisole. Ireland ester Claisen rearrangement of the dimethylallyl 2-arylpent-4-enoate, obtained from p-cresol in seven steps, followed by RCM reaction of the resultant diene generated 1-aryl-1,2,2-trimethylcyclopent-3-enecarbo-xylate, which on functional group transformations provided (±)-herbertene-1,13-diol and (±)-α-herbertenol. Ireland ester Claisen rearrangement of E-3-(2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)but-2-en-1-yl 2-methylpent-4-enoate furnished a stereoisomeric mixture of the dieneesters, which on RCM reaction generated an epimeric mixture of 2-aryl-1,2-dimethylcyclopent-3-enecarboxylates. These esters were further elaborated into (±)-herbertene-1,14-diol, (±)-herbertene-1,15-diol and (±)-herberteneacetal via epi-herbertenolide and (±)-herbertenolide. First total synthesis of a spirobenzofuran isolated from Acremonium sp. HKI 0230 has been accomplished starting from 2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylphenylacetate, confirming the structure of the natural product. Ireland ester Claisen rearrangement of dimethylallyl 2-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)pent-4-enoate followed by RCM reaction and demethylation furnished a lactone, cyclopentaspirobenzofuranone, which on further functional group transformations completed the first total synthesis of the spirobenzofuran. 1-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)-1,2-dimethylcyclopent-3-enecarboxylate, an intermediate in the synthesis of spirobenzofuran, has been further elaborated into 1-aryl-1,2,2-trimethylcyclopent-3-ene, which on functional group transformations transformed into (±)lagopodin A and (±)-enokipodins A and B. Efficient total syntheses of laurencenone C, α-chamigrene and β-chamigrenes have been accomplished employing an Ireland ester Claisen rearrangement and RCM reaction as key steps starting from the Diels-Alder adduct of isoprene and acrylic acid. Ireland ester Claisen rearrangement of dimethylallyl cyclohex-3-enecarboxylate generated methyl 1-(1',1'-dimethylallyl)cyclohex-3-enecarboxylate, which was further elaborated into 5,5,9-trimethyl-spiro[5.5]undeca-3,8-dien-1-ol employing an RCM reaction as the key step. The spirodienol on further functional group transformations generated (±)-laurencenone C, (±)-α-chamigrene and (±)-β-chamigrene.
- Organic Chemistry (OC) 
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