Edge Effect of Semi-Infinite Rectangular Posts on Impacting Drops
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The inhibiting effect of a sharp edge on liquid spreading is well observed during drop interaction with textured surfaces. On groove-textured solid surfaces comprising unidirectional parallel grooves, the edge effect of posts results in the squeezing of drop liquid in the direction perpendicular to the grooves and the stretching of drop liquid along the grooves leading to anisotropy in drop flow, popularly known as wetting anisotropy which has been employed in several engineering applications. A recent study observed that the energy loss incurring at the edges of posts via contact angle hysteresis is primarily responsible for the anisotropic spreading of impacting drops on groove-textured surfaces. The present study aims to elucidate the role of edges on the spreading and receding dynamics of water drops. The experiments of drop impact are carried out on semi-infinite rectangular post comprising a pair of parallel 90-deg edges separated by a distance (post width) comparable to the diameter of impacting drop. The equilibrium shape of drops on the semi-infinite rectangular post is analyzed using open source computational tool Surface Evolver to optimize the ratio of initial droplet diameter to post width. Quantitative measurements of drop impact dynamics on semi-infinite rectangular posts are deduced by analysing high speed videos of impact process captured under three different camera views during experiments. Based on the role of post edges on impacting drops, different regimes of the impacting drops are characterized in terms of drop Weber number and the ratio of diameter of impacting drop to post width. Characteristic features of impact dynamics in each of the regimes are identified and discussed. It is seen that edges play a pivotal role on all stages of impact dynamics regardless of Weber number. Impacts in the regime of completely pinned drops on narrow posts are further analyzed to reveal characteristics of post-spreading oscillations.
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