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dc.contributor.advisorKumar, Subodh
dc.contributor.authorJoseph, Sudha
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-17T10:03:00Z
dc.date.accessioned2018-07-31T05:54:17Z
dc.date.available2018-04-17T10:03:00Z
dc.date.available2018-07-31T05:54:17Z
dc.date.issued2018-04-17
dc.date.submitted2013
dc.identifier.urihttp://etd.iisc.ac.in/handle/2005/3415
dc.identifier.abstracthttp://etd.iisc.ac.in/static/etd/abstracts/4282/G25918-Abs.pdfen_US
dc.description.abstractThe compression behavior of a newly developed near eutectic Al-Si based cast alloy with three different microstructures has been investigated in the present work. Microstructures with modified and unmodified Si particles and matrix with different tempers are investigated. The main objective of this work is to understand the effect of heat treatment and modification on the fracture behavior of the alloy under compression. This alloy is subjected to compressive loading at different strain rates and temperatures during the operation of the engines. Hence, the effect of strain rates and temperatures is also considered. The compression tests are carried out at different strain rates from quasi-static to dynamic viz., 3*10-4 to 102/s and three different temperatures RT, 100°C and 200°C. Microstructure of the alloys studied predominantly consists of eutectic colonies of α-Al and Si with a few interspersed α-Al dendrites. Modified alloy has more globular Si particles than unmodified alloy. Heat treated alloys are found to have hardening precipitates S’ & Al7Cu4Ni and 3-7 atomic layer thick zones, which may be precursors to S’ phase. A variety of large intermetallics, viz., plate like particles Al4.5FeSi, Chinese script like particles Al19Fe4MnSi2 and bulky phase Al3NiCu are also observed in the alloys. Mechanical behavior of the alloys is found to be different for different microstructures. Modification improves strength and ductility. Heat treatment improves strength of the alloy at the expense of ductility. A transition in mechanical behavior is observed after a particular strain rate for all the alloys studied. This transition strain rate is dependent on heat treatment, Si particle size and temperature. This transition can be explained on the basis of dislocation-precipitate and dislocation-Si particle interactions. Work hardening behavior of the alloys depends on the matrix microstructure in the unmodified alloys, and both matrix and particles play a role in the modified alloy. A statistically robust quantitative micro structural analysis has been carried out after compressing the samples at various strain rates and temperatures. The unique contribution of this work is the understanding of combined effect of strain rate and temperature on Si particle fracture characteristics in the alloy with different microstructures. From the fracture characteristics of Si particles, it is concluded that both dislocation pile-up mechanism and fibre loading are responsible for particle fracture in the modified alloy, whereas the fibre loading mechanism alone is sufficient to explain the particle fracture characteristics in the unmodified alloy. Si particles in the modified condition are found to cleave along the lowest surface energy planes {112} & {110} and the particles with orientations {112} & {111} are more prone to fracture. In addition to Si particle fracture, elongated Fe rich intermetallic particles are also seen to show peculiar fracture behavior. The Al4.5FeSi intermetallics with (100) as the plane of the plate cleave along (100) planes. This is a novel finding in this work and could have immense implications on the role of Fe impurities in the fracture behavior of these alloys. Moreover, since these cleavage fractures are seen to be more than 200 microns in size (which implies that the real penny shaped crack would be even larger) their role cannot be assumed to be negligible, as was previously thought. The load sharing between the Al matrix and eutectic Si particles are simulated by microstructure based finite element modeling. The program OOF (Object-Oriented Finite element analysis) is used to generate the finite element meshes for real microstructures with different Si morphology. The experimentally obtained stress – strain properties of the alloy is given as an input to describe the plastic behavior of the Al matrix, in the finite element simulation. This analysis helps to understand the effect of particle size, shape, orientation & clustering and matrix temper on the stress transferred to the Si particles. Combination of Electron Back-Scattered Diffraction (EBSD) and frequency shift, polarized micro-Raman technique is applied to validate the stress states in Si particles with {111} orientations. The stress at fracture of Si particles is also estimated from Raman technique. Even though the alloys with different microstructures show different mechanical behavior, the sequence of fracture mechanisms is found to be same for all the alloys. The failure occurs in three stages: cracking of Si particles at low strains, micro-crack formation along the fractured particles, micro-crack coalescence and propagation leading to final failure. Thus, the proposed analysis links various deformation mechanisms ranging from nano precipitate-dislocation interactions to micro short-fiber theory of load sharing by eutectic silicon along with coupled effect of strain rate and temperature. In addition, negative strain rate sensitivity is also observed in the lower strain rate regimes (3*10-4, 10-3& 102/s) at RT and 100°C for all the three alloys, and serrated flow is also observed in the same strain rate and temperature regimes. Some of the features of serrated flow can be explained by the dynamic strain aging model and some other features by precipitate shearing.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesG25918en_US
dc.subjectAluminium-Silicon (Al-Si) Cast Alloysen_US
dc.subjectAluminium-Silicon (Al-Si) Cast Alloy Microstructuresen_US
dc.subjectAluminium-Silicon Cast Alloys - Automotive Enginesen_US
dc.subjectAluminium-Silicon Cast Alloys - Compressionen_US
dc.subjectAl-Si Based Cast Alloyen_US
dc.subjectAluminium-Silicon Cast Alloys - Stress-Strain Responseen_US
dc.subjectSi-Fe Intermetallicsen_US
dc.subjectSi Particle Fractureen_US
dc.subjectFracture Mechanicsen_US
dc.subjectMetals - Fractureen_US
dc.subjectAluminium-Silicon Cast Alloys - Fractureen_US
dc.subjectFractured Si Particlesen_US
dc.subjectAl Matrixen_US
dc.subjectAl-Si Based Alloyen_US
dc.subjectAl-Si Based Eutectic Alloyen_US
dc.subjectAl-Si Alloyen_US
dc.subject.classificationMaterials Scienceen_US
dc.titleEffect of Heat Treatment and Modification on Flow and Fracture Behaviour of a Newly Developed Al-Si Based Cast Alloyen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.degree.namePhDen_US
dc.degree.levelDoctoralen_US
dc.degree.disciplineFaculty of Engineeringen_US


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