Rainbow Colouring and Some Dimensional Problems in Graph Theory
Abstract
This thesis touches three diﬀerent topics in graph theory, namely, rainbow colouring, product dimension and boxicity.
Rainbow colouring An edge colouring of a graph is called a rainbow colouring, if every pair of vertices is connected by atleast one path in which no two edges are coloured the same. The rainbow connection number of a graph is the minimum number of colours required to rainbow colour it. In this thesis we give upper bounds on rainbow connection number based on graph invariants like minimum degree, vertex connectivity, and radius. We also give some computational complexity results for special graph classes.
Product dimension The product dimension or Prague dimension of a graph G is the smallest natural number k such that G is an induced subgraph of a direct product of k complete graphs. In this thesis, we give upper bounds on the product dimension for forests, bounded tree width graphs and graphs of bounded degeneracy.
Boxicity and cubicity The boxicity (cubicity of a graph G is the smallest natural number k such that G can be represented as an intersection graph of axisparallel rectangular boxes(axisparallel unit cubes) in Rk .In this thesis, we study the boxicity and the cubicity of Cartesian, strong and direct products of graphs and give estimates on the boxicity and the cubicity of a product graph based on invariants of the component graphs.
Separation dimension The separation dimension of a hypergraph H is the smallest natural number k for which the vertices of H can be embedded in Rk such that any two disjoint edges of H can be separated by a hyper plane normal to one of the axes. While studying the boxicity of line graphs, we noticed that a box representation of the line graph of a hypergraph has a nice geometric interpretation. Hence we introduced this new parameter and did an extensive study of the same.
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