Design And Analysis Of Flexible Beam Platform As Vibration Isolator For Space Applications
Spacecrafts are generally equipped with high precision optical and other sensor payloads. The structures of most of the spacecrafts are light-weight, flexible and have low damping. Vibrations are often induced in the spacecraft body due to the presence of many disturbance sources such as momentum/reaction wheels, control thrusters used for attitude control and cryocoolers etc. Low damping leads to long decay time for vibrations hence during this period the spacecraft sensors cannot be used effectively. One possible solution is to isolate the precision sensor from the rest of the satellite and this strategy has been used for spaceborne telescopes and interferometers that have extremely precise positional and vibratory tolerances imposed on them in order to achieve scientific goals. Another strategy is to isolate the vibration source itself from the spacecraft body. This thesis deals with modelling, analysis and experimentation of a novel low frequency flexible space platform designed to serve as a mount for the disturbance source in order to insulate the source generated vibrations reaching critical areas of the structure. The novel space platform consisting of folded continuous beams, is light-weight and is capable of isolating vibration generated by sources such as reaction/momentum wheels. Finite element analysis of the platform is carried out for static and dynamic load cases. Simulation studies are carried out on flexible beam platform in order to firm up the design for passive vibration isolation. Modal analyses is done to simulate the response of each mode. Active control has been studied by embedding the platform’s beam elements with piezo actuators and sensors. The simulation results show that the space platform can effectively attenuate vibration and further improvement in vibration attenuation is possible with active control. Based on the analysis, a prototype low frequency platform has been designed and fabricated. An experimental validation has been done to test the usefulness of the low frequency platform to act as a mount for reaction wheels and to mitigate the vibration disturbances/effects transmitted from the reaction wheel assembly to structure. Measurements and tests have been conducted at varying wheel speeds to quantify and characterize the amount of isolation to the reaction wheel generated vibrations. The time and frequency domain analysis of test data clearly show that level of isolation is significant and an average of 13 dB of isolation is seen. The level of isolation is different for different isolators and it depends upon the isolator design and wheel speed. Forces and moments measured at the base for wheel with isolator and wheel without isolator clearly demonstrate and confirm a reduction in the disturbance levels of atleast one order. These isolators are further tested successfully for launch dynamic loads in order to confirm the design adequacy to sustain such loads. Results indicate that the flexible mounts of the type discussed in this thesis can be used for effective passive vibration isolation in spacecrafts with reaction/momentum wheels.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Nyayapati, Mahidhar Ramesh (2017-12-07)Mechanical vibrations in large structures such as buildings, bridges, dams and critical frequencies in large machinery generally have low frequencies (100Hz-1000Hz). To monitor large areas of such structures we need huge ...
Sarkar, Soumyadipta (2018-02-07)Analysis of vibration of systems with uncertainty in material properties under the influence of a random forcing function is an active area of research. Especially the characterization based on mode shapes and frequencies ...
Experimental Studies on Extremely Small Scale Vibrations of Micro-Scale Mechanical and Biological Structures Venkatesh, Kadbur Prabhakar Rao (2018-05-14)Experimental vibration analysis of mechanical structures is a well established field.Plenty of literature exists on macro scale structures in the fields of civil, mechanical and aerospace engineering, but the study of ...