Immunochemical Studies on the family of Biotin Binding Proteins
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Investigations detailed in this thesis constitue a part of continuing programme of research work undertaken in this laboratory on vitamin binding proteins. Avidin from the chicken egg white, streptavidin &om the bacterium Streptromyces avidin and biotin binding proteins (BBP-I and BBP-11) from chicken egg yolk constitute a family of proteins that bind the vitamin biotin with extremely high affinities. The yolk BBPs are involved in the deposition of the vitamin in the developing oocyte in chicks whereas an antimicrobial function has been attributkl to avidin.. The fact that all these proteins bind the vitamin in the same manner, unlike biotin-dependent enzymes, indicates that the structural features involved in ligand binding could be similar, if not identical in these proteins. To delineate the basis of putative structural similarity among these proteins, studies were carried out using antibodies as the immunological probes. Avidin, a homotetremer glycoprotein, with a subunit Mr of 17,000 has been purified to homogeneity from chicken egg white using a novel procedure involving ammonium sulphate fractionation, ethanol precipitation and S-Sepharose column chromatography. Despite their lesser abundance in chicken egg yolk associated with a large amount of interfering lipids during the purification, both BBP-I (monomer and shown to be precursor for BBP-11) and BBP-I1 (tetramer) have been purified to homogeneity by employing a common method using butanol extraction to remove the lipids, DEAE-Sephacel column chromatography, biotin-AH-Sepharose affinity chromatography and fast performance liquid chrometography (FPLC) system. The purity of all these proteins was confirmed by SDS-PAGE analysis.
- Biochemistry (BC)